Living in Azerbaijan often reminds me of the musical "Fiddler on the Roof"; the role and importance of traditions are likewise very evident here, even among those of the younger generation for whom breaking with tradition might seem, on the one hand, desirable, but on the other, risky for maintaining family ties.
And so it is that I have become aware of a common dilemma facing some young Azerbaijanis: they fall in love!! However, for some of these young people the decisions about their futures do not lie solely in their own hands. I know several young couples who now must separate, because their parents have found different, more "suitable," mates for them—they cannot decide for themselves whom they should marry, it is decided by the parents. Lucky is the young couple when the parents agree that the one they have chosen to love is also a suitable and agreeable choice for a marriage partner by the respective parents. An engagement in fact is only really official when the respective parents meet, discuss, and decide that they will approve and allow an engagement to take place. In this society going against your parents’ wishes, and certainly your parents’ decisions, could bring about a permanent rift—a disowning—and with that a forever tarnished reputation. Of high value in Azerbaijan is the respect children, including adult children, show to their parents, and parents are likewise expected to make all important decisions for their adult children. Unlike American families, where often parents begin training their children at an early age to make their own choices and eventually move out on their own, Azerbaijani children often follow the advice and decisions of their parents well into adulthood. By tradition, a young married couple may even live in the home of the groom’s parents, so that the mother-in-law can show the new bride how to do things properly. Some may not like this lack of freedom and lack of personal choice, but by tradition many Azerbaijanis do follow these societal norms. For some modern-thinking Azerbaijanis these traditional ways can unfortunately lead to broken hearts; but alas, acceptance of tradition, even reluctant acceptance, is an important Azerbaijani value. Moreover, unlike in America, where we might thumb our noses at what others think, here in Azerbaijan people are imbued with the notion that what others think of you—your reputation—is so very important, that one rarely risks the scoffing and scandal of breaking with tradition and going against the wishes of one’s parents. However, Azerbaijan is also a country in transition, so the importance of some long-held traditions is weakening--at least for some Azerbaijanis.
It is not only in these arranged marriages where families decide what is best for an individual family member. When I was making arrangements to move to my own apartment, the mother in my host family understood that it would be more convenient for me to live closer to my work; but she did not like the idea of me living on my own. She told me, that if her house were closer to my work, she would ‘forbid’ me from moving to my own apartment, and that if I didn’t ‘obey’ she would call my daughter Christina in California and tell her to insist that I not move out on my own! When I told Christina about this, she laughed, “Like as if I could have such influence and tell you what to do, Mom, eh?” I replied, well here in Azerbaijan adult children do take care of and make decisions for their parents, but likewise, parents have final say over many important decisions in the lives of their adult children, too. The American notion, “I’ll trust you to do what you feel is best,” is not the traditional family value espoused to here.
Lately, I have conducted sessions on American values and assumptions, based on writings from Gary Althen of the University of Iowa. It is just as eye-opening for me as an American to realize why we Americans view things in certain ways—why for us individualism, independence, and freedom are so highly valued. It is equally important and interesting to catch a glimpse of why, for much of the rest of the world, such typical American values carry less weight and less importance. Whereas Americans believe in a can-do attitude and a desire to instill change, many others in the world take a fatalistic and complacent view of life—what will be, will be.
Will our bus fit under the road barrier?
Road to our destination
Kebab sandwich...tis good
Medieval fortress...now in ruins
Scaling the ramparts of the ruins
The mighty Caucasus with view to Russia
Skewered kababs for barbequing